Psychosis and Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder that affects around 1% of the worldwide population. It causes psychotic behaviors, social and emotional disruptions and different cognitive impairments.

The causes of the disease are still not clear but studies show that both genetic and environmental factors have an effect on it.

Pain

pain is a very good target for therapeutic cannabinoids.

TRPV1

TRPV1 is part of the transient receptor potential family and is one of the non-GPCR cannabinoid receptors. TRPV1 is involved in thermoregulation and pain detection (nociception).

TREK-1

TREK-1 is a postassium channel that is constitutively leaky, thereby maintaining resting membrane potential. Mechanical membrane stretching and certain anaesthetics can open the channel, thus greatly reducing neuronal excitability.

Cav3.1

Cav3.1 is a calcium channel of the T-type that is involved in many processes in the brain and other tissues. Contrary to other calcium channels Cav3.1 is activated by relatively low/negative voltages.

Virodhamine

Suspected endocannabinoid.

2OG

Suspected endocannabinoid. Does not bind classical endocannabinoid receptors (CB1/2) but targets GPR119.