CB1

CB1 is the main cannabinoid receptor in the brain but is also found in other tissues. CB1 is a G protein-coupled receptor which inhibits adenylyl cyclase and consequently reduces cAMP upon activation. This in turn regulates many second messenger pathways.

2AGE/Noladin

Suspected cannabinoid that binds to several cannabinoid receptors.

2AG

2AG is a major endocannabinoid produced from lipids in cellular membranes, mostly but not exclusively in response to cellular activity. In the brain, endocannabinoids serve mainly as negative feedback molecules (reducing presynaptic neurotransmitter release after postsynaptic activation) keeping overall brain activity in balance.

Anandamide

Anandamide was the first identified endocannabinoid, named after the Sanskrit 'ananda' for inner bliss. Anandamide is produced from lipids in cellular membranes throughout the body. In the brain, anandamide is primarily involved in negative feedback, keeping brain activity in balance. In the body, anandamide is implicated in the suppression of tumour growth, pain and vomiting and the stimulation of eating.  

TRPV1

TRPV1 is part of the transient receptor potential family and is one of the non-GPCR cannabinoid receptors. TRPV1 is involved in thermoregulation and pain detection (nociception).

PPARγ

PPARγ is part of the nuclear receptor family and one of the non-GPCR cannabinoid receptors. PPARγ is involved in the regulation of fat cells/adipose tissue, insulin sensitivity and inflammation.

CB2

CB2 is primarily expressed in the immune cells and tissues of the body. Like CB1, CB2 is a G protein-coupled receptor which inhibits adenylyl cyclase and consequently lowers cAMP upon activation. This, in turn, regulates many second messenger pathways.

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is described as a sensation of hearing sounds without any external source. This sensation can be similar to hear ringing, clicking, hissing or other sounds.

Parkinson's

Parkinson's Disease is a degenerative disorder of the nervous system marked by accelerated degeneration of dopamine-producing neurons in the Substantia Nigra in the brain.

Typical symptoms of Parkinson's Disease , such as (intentional) tremor, rigidity and slowness of movement are mostly ascribed to degenerating Substantia Nigra neurons.

Obesity

Energy homeostasis (balance)  is one of the primary functions of the endocannabinoid system.