CB1

CB1 is the main cannabinoid receptor in the brain but is also found in other tissues. CB1 is a G protein-coupled receptor which inhibits adenylyl cyclase and consequently reduces cAMP upon activation. This in turn regulates many second messenger pathways. 

2AGE/Noladin

Suspected cannabinoid that binds to several cannabinoid receptors.

2AG

2AG is a major endocannabinoid produced from lipids in cellular membranes, mostly but not exclusively in response to cellular activity.

Anandamide

Anandamide was the first identified endocannabinoid, named after the Sanskrit 'ananda' for inner bliss. Anandamide is produced from lipids in cellular membranes throughout the body.

Epilepsy

cannabinoids have excellent therapeutic potential for the treatment of epilepsy. In the brain, the endocannabinoid system tends to keep neuronal activity wihtin acceptable boundaries.

TRPV1

TRPV1 is part of the transient receptor potential family and is one of the non-GPCR cannabinoid receptors. TRPV1 is involved in thermoregulation and pain detection (nociception).

PPARγ

PPARγ is part of the nuclear receptor family and one of the non-GPCR cannabinoid receptors. PPARγ is involved in the regulation of fat cells/adipose tissue, insulin sensitivity and inflammation.

Kv1.5

Kv1.5 is a potassium channel that is involved in restoring the resting membrane potential after depolarisation. Kv1.5 is not a classic cannabinoid receptor but its activity is modulated by cannabinoids.

CB2

CB2 is primarily expressed in the immune cells and tissues of the body. Like CB1, CB2 is a G protein-coupled receptor which inhibits adenylyl cyclase and consequently lowers cAMP upon activation. This, in turn, regulates many second messenger pathways.

Cav3.2

Cav3.2 is a calcium channel of the T-type that is involved in many processes in the brain and other tissues. Contrary to other calcium channels Cav3.2 is activated by relatively low/negative voltages.